Crime characteristics, science homework help

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Application: Influence of Victim-Offender Relationship on Crime

The first United States legislation
outlawing marital rape passed in 1975 (Barden, 1987). Until that point—and well
into the 1990s—the courts in many U.S. jurisdictions upheld a man’s right to
enact sexual violence against his wife. Many of the twentieth century U.S. laws
viewed wives as the property of their husbands. In spite of its current illegal
status in the United States, sexual assault against women by intimate partners
remains a concern. Among 19.3% of women who reported having been raped in their
lifetime, 43% of those were raped by an “intimate partner” (Tjaden
& Thoennes, 1998). In nearly all cases of child rape, the acts occurred at
the hands of a relative (World Health Organization, 2011).

A significant portion of violent
crime occurs among acquaintances, friends, and relatives. The convenience of
proximity may serve as an influential element in these cases. Might it also be
the case that “familiarity breeds contempt”?

For this Assignment, review the case
in this week’s Interactive Community. Consider which factors may have
contributed to the victimization in the case. Then think about how the
victim-offender relationship may have influenced the crime. Finally, consider
interventions that might have been used to prevent the crime from occurring.

The Assignment (2–3 pages):

  • Visit the Interactive Community and follow the instructions to
    access this week’s media. (THE MEDIA IS POSTED BELOW TITLED “Victim-offender relationships
  • Explain which factors may have contributed to the victimization in
    the case study and explain how.
  • Explain how the relationship between the victim and the offender
    may have influenced the type of crime, the location of the crime, and the
    type of weapon used.
  • Explain two types of interventions that might have been used to
    prevent this crime from occurring and how.

Two or three pages with
at least three references….

It is important that you cover all the topics identified in the
assignment. Covering the topic does not mean mentioning the topic BUT
presenting an explanation from the readings.

To get maximum points you need to follow the requirements listed for
this assignments 1) look at the page limits 2) review and follow APA rules
3) create SUBHEADINGS to identify the key sections you are presenting and
4) Free from typographical and sentence construction errors.



  • Davis, R. C., Lurigio, A. J.,
    & Herman, S. (Eds.). (2013). Victims of crime 4th ed.).
    Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
    • Chapter 16, “The
      Reoccurrence of Victimization: Terminology, Extent, Characteristics,
      Correlates, and Prevention”
  • Card, N. A., & Hodges, E.
    V. (2010). It takes two to fight in school, too: A social relations model
    of the psychometric properties and relative variance of dyadic aggression
    and victimization in middle school. Social Development, 19(3),
  • Gartner, R., & MacMillan,
    R. (1995). The effect of victim-offender relationship on reporting crimes
    of violence against women. Canadian Journal of Criminology, 37(3),
  • Heller, M.S., Ehrlich, S. M.,
    & Lester, D. (1983). Victim-offender relationships and severity of
    victim injury. Journal of Social Psychology, 120(2), 229–234.
  • Woods, L., & Porter, L.
    (2008). Examining the relationship between sexual offenders and their
    victims: Interpersonal differences between stranger and non-stranger
    sexual offences. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 14(1), 61–75.